About AmbatturAmbattur is a part of the Ambattur Taluk of Chennai Corporation in Tiruvallur district since 2011. It comes under the Chennai North parliamentary constituency. It is located in the neighbourhood of western Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu. Ambattur is a combination of 50 small towns. It is a rapidly developing residential area and also an upcoming manufacturing hub of Chennai. It is surrounded by various other small flourishing towns like Anna Nagar, Padi and Avadi. Some other cities situated near this district are Tiruvallur, Kanchipuram and Tambaram. Ambattur owned its township in 1960s, became a selection-grade municipality from April 1975 and remained a municipality till 2011. There were many towns under Ambattur Municipality such as Padi, Korattur, Anna Nagar Western Extension, Mogappair, Ayappakkam TNHB and the Ambattur Industrial Estate areas. Later on 15 June 2011, a memorandum was submitted by the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu to the Prime Minister of India, requesting to extend the city limits of Chennai so that the Ambattur Municipality could also be the part of that scheme.
This district is one of 108 Shakthi Sthals in the country. According to the order, here is located fifty-first Shakthi Sthal, giving the town its name ‘aimbaththu onraam oor’. It’s a Tamil name which means fifty-first place/temple villages but later was known as Ambattur. The Goddess in thistown is worshiped as Goddess Vaishnavi.
Economy of AmbatturThe chairman of Tube Investments, United Kingdom, Sir Ivan Stedeford was reluctant to start TI factories and TII complex in India. However, he endorsed a joint venture agreement with A.M. Murugappa Chettiar of the Murugappa Group, a small business at an initial stage that manufactured sandpaper and abrasives for war. That joint venture was the first agreement to be signed in Soouth India after Independence of the country. In 1951, TI Cycle factories were established and the production of ‘Hercules India’ cycles began. In 1954 after meeting International standards, the word ‘India’ was dropped out of ‘Hercules India’.
Sir Ivan Stedeford signed his second joint venture with the Murugappa family in 1954. The factory of Tube Products India was established on the Malaya’s Immigration Camp of British Government. The production began by 1956 and later, other TI factories were set up in the wide Ambattur-Avadi Industrial stretch which facilitated rapid population growth of that region. Several other installations in Ambattur were established by TI Company such as banks, hospital, office and school as well for the development of the region and its people.
Ambattur Industrial EstateThe Ambattur Industrial Estate is the biggest small scale industrial estate in the whole of South Asia. In 1964, it was commissioned by the Tamil Nadu Government. Suitable factors like fertile soil, readily- available raw materials, abundant ground water supply for both industrial and domestic purposes, made this place fit for setting up an Industrial Estate. Various companies like Britannia, TI Cycles of India, Dunlop, and TVS have their factories set up here. VSNL-Tata Communications, also known as wireless among locals, has its own satellite Earth station at Ambattur and connections like Jaya TV, Vijay TV, Asianet and Kairali receive their signals from this satellite.
Factories associated with other industries like that of military, railways and textiles have flourished well in this Industrial Estate and generate a combined revenus of over 35,000 million.
IT ParksDue to close residential neighbourhood and low rentals, the Ambattur Industrial Estate attracted a lot of IT companies as well. Companies like as MilesTs, HCL Technologies, Dell and Tata Consultancy Services have their development factories set up here. Some BPO Centres have well-established themselves in this Estate like those of Perot Systems, Telebuy, Polaris BPO, Serco, First Source & iOPEX Technologies.
Transport in AmbatturEven though it is one the biggest localities of Chennai, Ambattur lacks a proper bus terminus. There is bus terminus of Ambattur, situated close to MTH road and has city buses connecting this locality to the various parts of Chennai. However, it is well-connected with other bus routes originating from Avadi and outskirts of Chennai, thus not isolating this region. Other towns and localities connected to Ambattur via buses are Nagercoil, Tirunelveli, Madurai and other parts of Tamil Nadu. The bus for the famous pilgrim of Tirupathi is also available from Ambattur. The Chennai-Tiruvallur High Road (CTH Road or NH205) cuts through the town and the Chennai-Kolkata highway is just 7 km away from Ambattur.
The town has Railway Station of its own known as Ambattur railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway. There is also a Chennai Central-Arakkonam railway that passes through Ambattur. The railway line serves residential and industrial areas of Ambattur and other localities surrounding it. However, the Ambattur Industrial Estate is served by Pattaravakkam Railway Station. Ambattur is just 30 minutes from Chennai via railways. The EMU locals (local trains) stop at Ambattur when moving towards Chennai Central but the fast ones do not halt at Ambattur.